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The history of medical conceptualisations is, at the same time, a history of ideas of health and illness/sickness/pathology, a history of healing practices, a history of religion, a history of places used to achieve healing. The study of oral medical knowledge in the Nahua context (Mexico) offers a broad and articulated perspective of investigation that allows us to understand how different medical paradigms relate to the themes of suffering of the body, illness/sickness/pathology, healing and social suffering.
Silvia Iorio, PhD in medical Humanities, Researcher at the Department of Medico-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Unit of History of Medicine and Bioethics, Sapienza – University of Rome, Italy.
Introduction: historical dynamisms
1 History of ideas in medicine and oral sources in the Nahua context. Can we speak of “tradition”?
1.1 A composite landscape: therapeutic resources and medical conceptualisations
2 New forms and original creations: the diachronic and synchronic encounter of “different medicines”
2.1 Body, health and pathology between archetypes and care: a body without borders
2.2 The concept of the person and its dependent nature
2.3 Concept of contagion
2.4 From ontological to mechanical approaches: aetiological theories and classifications
2.5 Medical treatments, therapeutic pathways and health-seeking behaviour: medical syncretism, conflict or integration?
3 From “susto” to diabetes
3.1 Emotional diagnostic categories from past to present
3.2 “Susto” and local pathologies in the dialogue between ontological and functional concepts
3.3 From the history of Nahua pathologies to social suffering
3.4 Diabetes and the category of women’s silence
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